Research shows that $4.1 million in crypto has been raised by nongovernmental organizations and volunteer groups in Ukraine since the invasion began, including a single $3 million donation early Friday.
On Thursday alone, one NGO received over $675,000 in bitcoin, and by Friday morning, that number had ballooned to more than $3.4 million thanks to that one-off $3 million donation.
For years, volunteer groups have played a critical role in the Russia-Ukraine conflict. These organizations have augmented the work of Ukraine’s military by offering additional resources and manpower. When Ukraine’s pro-Russian president Viktor Yanukovych was ousted in 2014, for example, legions of organized volunteers stepped up to support protesters.
Typically, these organizations receive funds from private donors via bank wires or payment apps, but cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin have emerged as an important alternative funding method, since they allow for quick, cross-border donations which bypass financial institutions that might block payments to Ukraine.
“Cryptocurrency is particularly suited to international fundraising because it doesn’t respect national boundaries and it’s censorship-resistant — there is no central authority that can block transactions, for example in response to sanctions,” said Tom Robinson, Elliptic’s chief scientist.
Activists have deployed the crypto for a variety of purposes, including equipping the Ukrainian army with military equipment, medical supplies and drones, as well as funding the development of a facial recognition app that identifies if someone is a Russian mercenary or spy.
“Cryptocurrency is increasingly being used to crowdfund war, with the tacit approval of governments,” said Robinson of Elliptic, which sells blockchain analytics tools to banks and some of the world’s largest cryptocurrency platforms, including Binance and Circle.
One such group, Come Back Alive, which began accepting cryptocurrency in 2018, provides the military with equipment, training services and medical supplies. It also funded the development of a drone-based reconnaissance and targeting system for Ukrainian artillery units.
Other groups supporting the efforts of the Ukrainian resistance have asked for donations in crypto assets, such as nonfungible tokens, or NFTs.
As Ukraine’s central bank cracks down on digital money transfers in connection with a nationwide declaration of martial law — and Moscow unleashes airstrikes and ground troops — some Ukrainians are also turning to cryptocurrencies.
Kuna, a popular Ukrainian crypto exchange, shows that domestic buyers are paying a premium for Tether’s USDT stablecoin, which is pegged to the price of the U.S. dollar.
“We don’t trust the government. We don’t trust the banking system. We don’t trust the local currency,” said Michael Chobanian, founder of Kuna, in an interview with Coindesk. “The majority of people have nothing else to choose apart from crypto.”